Expert Periodontics in San Jose, CA

Periodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing and treating gum diseases and conditions affecting the structures that support teeth. At Blossom Dental Excellence, we offer expert periodontal care, particularly scaling and root planing, to help you address periodontal disease.

What Is Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It is caused by bacteria found in plaque, a sticky film that forms on teeth and gums. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems.

Stages of Gum Disease

The severity of the disease can range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that can result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.


This is the earliest stage of gum disease, where the gums become red, swollen, and may bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.

Initial Periodontitis

If gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis. In the initial stage of periodontitis, inflammation and infection spread from the gums (gingiva) to the ligaments and bones that support the teeth. The gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line, which traps food and plaque.

Moderate Periodontitis

During the moderate stage, the supporting tissue and bone that hold your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged. Your gums may begin to recede, pulling away from your teeth. In addition, pockets of infection may develop, deepening and filling with pus.

Advanced Periodontitis

This is the final stage of gum disease, characterized by severe bone loss and loose teeth. At this severe stage, teeth may need to be removed because they have lost so much support and are no longer anchored in place.

Chronic Periodontitis

This form of periodontal disease involves inflammation within supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gum tissue.
It’s important to note that progression through these stages can be halted and even reversed with proper dental care and treatment.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums.

    If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to schedule an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. Early detection and treatment can help prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.

What Is Scaling and Root Planing?

Scaling and root planing is a deep-cleaning, non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. It’s often performed when the depth of the periodontal pockets (the space between the gum and tooth) is over 3 millimeters.

Why Is It Done?

Scaling and root planing are done when gums have either started to pull away from the teeth, or the roots of the teeth have hard mineral deposits (tartar) on them. It’s beneficial for those with chronic periodontal disease, gingivitis, bleeding gums, or gum infections.

The Procedure

We use a local anesthetic during the procedure to numb the gums and roots of your teeth before the procedure. Depending on the extent of the tartar deposits, scaling and root planing may take more than one visit and a mouth section is done at a time.

After the Procedure

After scaling and root planing, the gums will heal and reattach themselves to the clean, smooth surfaces of the teeth. After a few weeks, we will check the healing process and measure the depth of your periodontal pockets. We may require more treatment if the disease continues to advance.

Address Your Gum Disease Before It's Too Late at Blossom Dental Excellence

At Blossom Dental Excellence, we can help you address gum disease with expert periodontal care. We understand the importance of early detection and treatment in preventing further damage to your teeth and gums.

Contact us today for more information or to schedule an appointment!
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